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[ CentOS ] 安装VMware Tools


2006-06-13 08:25:04 14,896 0 发表评论 字体: 作者:C.K.
标签: centoslinux学习笔记安装说明

体验版 88 元,个人版 128 元,多用户版 288元个人版160元升级到多用户版。

参考网页:http://www.51ciw.com/debian_install/09_VMwareTools/VMwareTools.htm

为什么要装 VMware Tools?

因为它可以改善 Virtual Machine 的运行性能,而且可以让 Host OS 和 Guest OS 互通有无,这样我们就不用伤脑筋,要架设什么服务器,来沟通两个 OS,现在就让我们开始吧!

VMware Tools所在位置:VMware 安装路径 \VMware\VMware Workstation\linux.iso

[root@rd01 ~]# mount /cdrom    
# 有时可能加载不了,这时就要先将系统关闭,再手动指定 ISO 映像,看下图
[root@rd01 ~]# cd /cdrom
[root@rd01 ~]# ls -a
[root@rd01 ~]# cp VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz /tmp
[root@rd01 ~]# cd /tmp
[root@rd01 ~]# tar zxpf VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz
[root@rd01 ~]# cd vmware-tools-distrib
[root@rd01 vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl
Creating a new installer database using the tar3 format.

Installing the content of the package.

# 安装过程的画面,全部使用默认值,一直按 Enter 就对了

In which directory do you want to install the binary files?
[/usr/bin]

What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)?

[/etc/rc.d]

What is the directory that contains the init scripts?
[/etc/rc.d/init.d]

In which directory do you want to install the daemon files?
[/usr/sbin]

In which directory do you want to install the library files?
[/usr/lib/vmware-tools]

The path “/usr/lib/vmware-tools” does not exist currently. This program is goingto create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes]

In which directory do you want to install the documentation files?
[/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools]

The path “/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools” does not exist currently. This program isgoing to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes]

The installation of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux completed
successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any
time by invoking the following command: “/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl”.

Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by
invoking the following command: “/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl”. Do you want
this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes]

Stopping VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
  Guest operating system daemon:                          [  确定  ]
Trying to find a suitable vmhgfs module for your running kernel.

The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.

pcnet32                30153  0
Unloading pcnet32 module

Trying to find a suitable vmxnet module for your running kernel.

The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.

Detected X.org version 6.8.

关闭控制台鼠标服务:                                       [  确定  ]
启动控制台鼠标服务:                                       [  确定  ]

Please choose one of the following display sizes (1 – 13):

# 显示分辨率,这里是以 1024×768 为例

# VMware Tools 安装的时候,会自动修改 X server 的配置文件

[1]  “640×480”
[2]< "800x600"
[3]  “1024×768”
[4]  “1152×864”
[5]  “1280×800”
[6]  “1152×900”
[7]  “1280×1024”
[8]  “1376×1032”
[9]  “1400×1050”
[10]  “1680×1050”
[11]  “1600×1200”
[12]  “1920×1200”
[13]  “2364×1773”
Please enter a number between 1 and 13:

[2] 3

X Window System Version 6.8.2
Release Date: 9 February 2005
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0, Release 6.8.2
Build Operating System: Linux 2.6.9-34.EL i686 [ELF]
Current Operating System: Linux rd01.domain 2.6.9-34.EL #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006 i686
Build Date: 04 May 2006
Build Host: x8664-build.centos.org

       Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.X.Org
       to make sure that you have the latest version.
Module Loader present
OS Kernel: Linux version 2.6.9-34.EL (buildcentos@build-i386) (gcc version 3.4.5 20051201 (Red Hat 3.4.5-2)) #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006 P
Markers: (–) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
       (++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
       (WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
(++) Log file: “/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86ConfigLog.3131”, Time: Mon Jun 12 20:57:34 2006
(++) Using config file: “/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86Config.3131”
(WW) VMWARE(0): Failed to set up write-combining range (0xf0000000,0x1000000)

X is running fine with the new config file.

Starting VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
  Switching to guest configuration:                       [  确定  ]
  Guest filesystem driver:                                [  确定  ]
  DMA setup:                                              [  确定 ]
  Guest operating system daemon:                          [  确定  ]

The configuration of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux for this running
kernel completed successfully.

You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take
effect.

You can now run VMware Tools by invoking the following command:
“/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox” during an XFree86 session.

To use the vmxnet driver, restart networking using the following commands:
/etc/init.d/network stop
rmmod pcnet32
rmmod vmxnet
depmod -a
modprobe vmxnet
/etc/init.d/network start

Enjoy,

–the VMware team

[root@rd01 vmware-tools-distrib]# shutdown -r now

# 修改完成之后,重新启动计算机,让 VMware Tools 生效

# 重新启动计算机之后,我们就会发觉到,当我们要离开 Guest OS 的时候,不再需要按 Ctrl + Alt 了,

# 现在我们来共享 Host OS 的文件夹给 Guest 使用,〔VM〕→〔设置 Ctrl + D〕

# 注:左下角原本都会显示「You do not have VMware Tools installed」,现在我们装了 VMware Tools,就不再显示了

# 这就是共享完毕的画面,然后我们就需要到 Guest OS 内,看看可不可以读取到刚刚共享的目录

# 顺利的话,我们只要到「/mnt/hgfs」文件夹,就可以看到刚刚共享的文件夹了

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